Even though California has an extensive set of ethics laws to
guide public officials’ behavior, local agencies sometimes find
it helpful to adopt their own codes of ethics. As the
materials in this section explain, such codes have a variety of
The November 2011 issue of Public Management Magazine
includes an interesting article on a bottom-up approach to
developing an employee code of ethics. Authors Kevin Duggan and
Kevin Woodhouse detail the process of developing and, most
importantly, implementing a code of ethics.
Collaboration among elected bodies and between individual members takes effort. Finding common ground and cultivating respectful relationships early on can make for a more civil and effective governing body.
First 5 commissions can face interesting challenges relating to
public trust in their decision-making processes. State law
encourages knowledgeable individuals to participate in First