Cities and counties make planning and land-use
decisions, both small and large, that can enhance health. This
section describes a number of ways that local officials can
integrate health concerns into the planning and land-use
decisions they regularly make.
In addition to the tools described below, look for Ideas for
Action – examples of strategies that local agencies can
employ on a range of issues to promote healthy neighborhoods.
Local governments can greatly impact community health
using tools that are already largely the responsibility of the
planning department. Find out more about planning, zoning
and environmental review tools here.
Cities and counties use a variety of approaches to
actively promote their local economy’s growth and vitality.
Economic development efforts also provide ways for local
officials to promote healthier neighborhoods.
One important way that local officials can foster
healthy neighborhoods is through local building codes,
conditional uses and nuisance abatement programs. These are often
referred to collectively as code compliance or code enforcement.