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Resources for Planning Healthy Neighborhoods

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Understanding the Basics of Land Use and Planning: A Guide to Planning Healthy Neighborhoods

This webpage hosts the online resources highlighted in ILG’s Understanding the Basics of Planning & Land Use: Guide to Planning Healthy Neighborhoods.

Click on the each chapter below to see an expanded list of resources, organized in order of appearance within that chapter.  Access the full Guide to Planning Healthy Neighborhoods at the bottom of this page.

Chapter 1: Health and the Built Environment

How Planning and Community Design Affect Health

Promoting Physical Activity and Active Living in Urban Environments: The Role of Local Government, The World Health Organization

Community Design: A Toolkit for Building Physical Activity into Daily Life, Metropolitan Design Center, College of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, University of Minnesota

Community Health and Food Access: The Local Government Role, International City/County Management Association

Food Access Solutions to Create Healthy Counties, National Association of Counties

Designed for Disease: The Link Between Local Food Environments and Obesity and Diabetes, California Center for Public Health Advocacy, PolicyLink, and the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research

Counties and Local Food Systems: Ensuring Healthy Foods, Nurturing Healthy Children, National Association of Counties

The Planner’s Guide to the Urban Food System, University of Southern California
School of Policy, Planning, and Development, Center for Sustainable Cities

Policy Guide on Community and Regional Food System Planning, American Planning Association

Funding Open Space Acquisition Programs, Institute for Local Government

The Farmland Protection Action Guide: 24 Strategies for California, Institute for Local Government

Understanding the Habitat Conservation Planning Process in California: A Guidebook for Project and Regional Conservation Planning, Institute for Local Government

Trees the Air Pollution Solution, United States Department of Agriculture, Center for Urban Forest Research

Influencing Air Quality with Comprehensive Planning and Ordinances, Design for Health, University of Minnesota

CDC Recommendations for Improving Health through Transportation Policy, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan, U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration

County Health and County Park and Recreation Department Partnerships to Create Active Healthy Communities, National Association of Counties

Policy Brief: Healthy Parks, Healthy Communities, The Trust for Public Land

Healthy Eating & Physical Activity: Addressing Inequities in Urban Environments, Prevention Institute

Healthy Land Use for All, Prevention Institute

Active Living and Social Equity: Creating Healthy Communities for All Residents, International City/County Management Association

Local Officials as Leaders in Planning Healthy Neighborhoods

Local Government Actions to Prevent Childhood Obesity, Institute of Medicine

Rural Obesity: Strategies to Support Rural Counties in Building Capacity, National Association of Counties

Action Strategies Toolkit: A Guide for Local and State Leaders Working to Create Healthy Communities and Prevent Childhood Obesity, Leadership for Healthy Communities, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Fact Sheet: Why adopt an Obesity Prevention Resolution? Public Health Law & Policy, National Policy & Legal Analysis Network to Prevent Childhood Obesity

The Evolving Field of Land-Use Planning

Promoting and Protecting Healthy Communities: A City Officials Guide to Public Health, National Association of City and County Health Officials

Chapter 2: The Healthy Planning Toolkit

Planning, Zoning and Environmental Review Tools

Understanding the Basics of Land Use and Planning: A Guide to Local Planning, Institute for Local Government

Understanding the Basics of Land Use and Planning: A Glossary of Land Use and Planning Terms, Institute for Local Government

Planning and Land Use Solutions to Create Active, Healthy Counties, National Association of Counties

Smart Growth at the Frontier: Strategies and Resources for Rural Communities, Northeast – Midwest Institute

General Plans and Zoning: A Toolkit on Land Use and Health, Public Health Law & Policy

Healthy Planning Policies: A Compendium from California General Plans, Public Health Law & Policy

The Economic Benefits of Open Space, Recreation Facilities and Walkable Community Design, Active Living Research, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Transportation Solutions to Create Active, Healthy Counties, National Association of Counties

Understanding the Basics of Climate Change and Public Health: A Local Official’s Guide.

Establishing Land Use protections for Farmers Market, Public Health Law & Policy

Understanding the Basics of Land Use and Planning, Glossary of Land Use and Planning Terms, Institute for Local Government

Case Story: Zoning and Community Design, Town of Windsor, Sonoma County

Healthy Development Measurement Tool, San Francisco Department of Public Health

CDC Health Impact Assessment Fact Sheet, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Frequently Asked Questions about Integrating Health Impact Assessment into Environmental Impact Assessment, Human Impact Partners

Economic Development and Redevelopment

Economic Development and Redevelopment: A Toolkit on Land Use and Health, Public Health Law & Policy

Building Public Support for Affordable Housing: A Toolbox for California Officials, Institute for Local Government

The California Inclusionary Housing Reader, Institute for Local Government

Establishing a Local Housing Trust Fund, A Guide for California Officials, Institute for Local Government

Where We Live Matters for Our Health: The Links between Housing and Health, Commission to Build a Healthier America, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Healthy Housing Reference Manual, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Affordable-Accessible Housing In A Dynamic City Why and How to Increase Affordable Housing Development in Accessible Locations, Victoria Transport Policy Institute

Restructuring the Commercial Strip: A Practical Guide for Planning the Revitalization of Deteriorating Strip Corridors, United States Environmental Protection Agency

Case Story: Revitalizing Downtown Using Transit-Oriented Development
City of San Leandro, Alameda County

Public Facilities and Services

Planning Complete Street for an Aging America, AARP Public Policy Institute

Complete Streets Promote Good Health, National Complete Streets Coalition

Healthy Food, Healthy Communities: Improving Access and Opportunities through Food Retailing, PolicyLink

Healthy Food, Healthy Communities: Promising Strategies to Improve Access to Fresh, Healthy Food and Transform Communities, PolicyLink

Getting to Grocery, Tools for Attracting Healthy Food Retail to Underserved Neighborhoods, Public Health Law and Policy

Code Compliance and Enforcement Tools

Considering Safety through Comprehensive Planning and Ordinances, Design for Health, University of Minnesota

Chapter 3: Tips for Taking Action

Assessing Needs and Understanding Special Populations

Building Public Understanding: The Link between Health and Planning, Design for Health, University of Minnesota

Active Living for Older Adults: Management Strategies for Healthy and Livable Communities, International City/County Management Association

Growing Smarter Living Healthier: A Guide to Smart Growth and Active Aging, United States Environmental Protection Agency

Institute for Local Government: Public Engagement and Collaborative Governance program

Forging Partnerships

Opening School Grounds to the Community After Hours: A Toolkit for Increasing Physical Activity Through Joint Use Agreements, Public Health Law & Policy

Case Story: A Joint-Use Partnership to Promote Physical Activity. City of Merced, Merced County

Identifying Funding Opportunities

Regional Funding Programs

The Smart Growth Incentive Program offered by the San Diego Association of Governments (SANDAG)

State Funding Programs

The Office of Local Assistance in the California Department of Parks and Recreation provides funding for local park improvements

The California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) administers the Safe Routes to Schools program that funds infrastructure improvements, such as constructing sidewalks and crosswalks, creating bicycle paths and installing count-down signals. Funds are also available for “non-infrastructure” projects to educate and encourage young people to walk and ride their bikes.

The Strategic Growth Council offers grants to local and regional agencies to support General Plans and other planning efforts that promote the development of sustainable communities.

Federal Funding Programs

The Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Transportation, and Department of Housing and Urban Development have initiated an Interagency Partnership for Sustainable Communities to provide resources and technical assistance to state and local agencies.

The Department of Health and Human Services, through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, administers a competitive grant program for state and local health departments to develop community partnerships that address obesity, physical activity and nutrition.

The Department of Housing and Urban Development provides Community Development Block Grants to local agencies, which can be used to improve neighborhoods, increase the supply of affordable housing and attract new economic uses, such as grocery stores, to underserved communities.

The Department of Agriculture operates a number of programs to provide nutrition services and support community-based agriculture. These programs can assist local agencies that are working to conserve farmland and to promote farmers markets, community gardens and other efforts to increase access to nutritious food.

Foundation Funding

Building Healthy Communities (BHC), a program of The California Endowment

Active Living By Design, funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Healthy Eating, Active Living (HEAL) Cities Campaign, a joint effort of the League of California Cities, California Center for Public Health Advocacy, the Cities Counties and Schools Partnership and supported by Kaiser Permanente.

The Food and Fitness Initiative of the W.K. Kellogg Foundation

Case Story: Building Successful Partnerships with Philanthropy. City of La Mesa, San Diego County

Reaching and Engaging the Public

The Institute for Local Government’s Public Engagement and Collaborative Governance Program provides access to a variety of tools and resources on how local officials can choose the most appropriate approach to involve the public in decision-making.

Principles of Local Government Public Engagement, Institute for Local Government

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Planning Healthy Neighborhoods

This resource describes the relationship between health and the built environment; offers policy options; and describes strategies and examples of how to translate that vision into action.

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