Cities and counties make planning and land-use decisions, both small and large, that can enhance health. This section describes a number of ways that local officials can integrate health concerns into the planning and land-use decisions they regularly make.
In addition to the tools described below, look for Ideas for Action - examples of strategies that local agencies can employ on a range of issues to promote healthy neighborhoods.
Local governments can greatly impact community health using tools that are already largely the responsibility of the planning department. Find out more about planning, zoning and environmental review tools here.
Cities and counties use a variety of approaches to actively promote their local economy’s growth and vitality. Economic development efforts also provide ways for local officials to promote healthier neighborhoods.
One important way that local officials can foster healthy neighborhoods is through local building codes, conditional uses and nuisance abatement programs. These are often referred to collectively as code compliance or code enforcement.